Global Dithiothreitol Market Expect To Grow At A CAGR Approximately 3.5% From 2015 To 2019

Date: 2016-09-11

Dithiothreitol (DTT) is the common name for a small-molecule redox reagent known as Cleland’s reagent. DTT’s formula is C4H10O2S2 and the molecular structure of its reduced form is shown at the right; its oxidized form is a disulfide-bonded 6-membered ring. Its name derives from the four-carbon sugar, threose. DTT has an epimeric (‘sister’) compound, dithioerythritol (DTE).

DTT is an unusually strong reducing agent, owing to its high conformational propensity to form a six-membered ring with an internal disulfide bond. It has a redox potential of -0.33 V at pH 7. The reduction of a typical disulfide bond proceeds by two sequential thiol-disulfide exchange reactions and is illustrated below. The intermediate mixed-disulfide state is unstable (i.e., poorly populated) because the second thiol of DTT has a high propensity to close the ring, forming oxidized DTT and leaving behind a reduced disulfide bond. The reducing power of DTT is limited to pH values above ~7, since only the negatively charged thiolate form -S– is reactive (the protonated thiol form -SH is not); the pKa of thiol groups is typically ~8.3.

A common use of DTT is as a reducing or “deprotecting” agent for thiolated DNA. The terminal sulfur atoms of thiolated DNA have a tendency to form dimers in solution, especially in the presence of oxygen. Dimerization greatly lowers the efficiency of subsequent coupling reactions such as DNA immobilization on gold in biosensors. Typically DTT is mixed with a DNA solution and allowed to react, and then is removed by filtration (for the solid catalyst) or by chromatography (for the liquid form). The DTT removal procedure is often called “desalting.”
DTT is frequently used to reduce the disulfide bonds of proteins and, more generally, to prevent intramolecular and intermolecular disulfide bonds from forming between cysteine residues of proteins. DTT can also be used as an oxidizing agent. Its principal advantage is that effectively no mixed-disulfide species are populated, in contrast to other agents such as glutathione.

The global Dithiothreitol Market is expect to grow at a CAGR approximately 3.5% from 2015 to 2019. Currently Asia is the largest market of Dithiothreitol, and the next five years will always remain. The European and American countries is still the DTT main import region.

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Joanna | Executive – International Business and partner Relations
E-mail: | Tel: 1-510-400-8520

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