Employee Benefits in Latvia

Date: 2015-09

The social security system in Latvia is classified into three categories: state social insurance, social assistance, and the social service system. The state social insurance system covers legislation on social insurance, maternity and sickness insurance, state pensions, mandatory social insurance against accidents, and insurance against unemployment. Social assistance and the social service system are regulated by the Law on State Social Benefits and Law on Social Services and Social Assistance. The Latvian pension system is divided into three pillars: the first is a notional defined-contribution (DC) system which works on pay-as-you-go (PAYG) basis, the second is a funded mandatory pillar, and the third is a voluntary private occupational and individual pension system. Reformation of pensions began in Latvia in 1991, and it was the first Central and Eastern European country to restructure the first pillar of its pension system.

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